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Unit 2 English around the world 学案

[日期:2017/10/12 15:08:00] 阅读:2283

高一英语备课组集体备课稿   主备人:廖梅芳

一、        教学内容: Book 1 Unit 1 English around the world

二、   教学重点和难点:

教学重点:核心词汇的讲解及扩展

教学难点:句型,语法(直接引语与间接引语)以及阅读能力的提高

三、   重点探讨,精讲精练(参考《完美课堂》同步资料书中的讲解)

 

一.   词汇表里重点单词及短语分析:

1. voyage  航海

  go on a voyage/ make a voyage

  e.g: He's planning to make a voyage to Canada. 

   voyage 尤指航海旅行

travel  旅行的总称

journey  长途陆路旅行

trip 短途旅行

tour  团队观光;巡演

2. because of  由于,因为

  because of + sth./ sb.

  e.g:1.There are many homeless people because of the earthquake.

2. Because of you I find it hard to trust not only me but everyone around me. 

  because + 句子

  e.g: He can't go to school because he's ill today.

3. native

  adj.  本国的,本土的

     native people(当地人).

     native place(出生地).  

     native land(祖国).

  be native to... (动植物)原产于某地

  e.g: The plant is native to the eastern US.

4. come up

  (1)走进;赶上;上来

    e.g: A child came up to me and showed me the way to the station.

  (2)提出讨论, 谈到.(本身为被动的意思,不变被动)

    Sth come up

    e.g: Your question came up at the meeting.

Sb come up with sth提出(想法,建议);找到(答案);想出

    e.g: You can come up with an idea to settle this problem.

(3) (尤指意想不到的事情)发生

     I'll let you know if anything comes up.

5. actually = in fact = as a matter of fact  adv. 事实上,实际上    

  e.g: He looked calm, but actually he was very nervous.    

6. base

 (1)  vt. ...为基础 

    be based on/upon

    e.g: One's opinion should always be based on facts.

(2) n. 根基;基础;基地

basic adj. 基本的;基础的;根本的

basically adv. 基本地;基础地

7. present

 (1) adj. 在场的,出席的

       be present at 出席            

        e.gHow many people were present at the meeting?  

        be absent from 缺席 

        e.gMary is absent from the class(旷课).

   adj. 目前的,当前的

       present situation

(2)  n. 现在      

      at present 现在;目前  

      e.gAt present, I don't want to get married.

    n. 礼物 = gift

      e.gI will give you a present.

(3)  vt. 呈现;提出      

     present sth. to sb. 向某人提出某物  

     You can present your ideas to the teacher.

     How will you present your project(项目)?

8. make use of  利用

e.g: We must make use of every minute to study.    

    make good use of 好好利用

    make full use of 充分利用

    make the best use 最好地利用

    make better use of 更好地利用

9. latter 

the former..., the latter... 前者...,后者...  

  e.g: She has two good friends, Lily and Mary. The former is good at dance, the latter is good at singing.

 (系列中的)最后的;末尾的         

   e.g:  Listen to the latter part of Barry's story.

Latter 后者

Later 之后

Latest 最新的

Late 迟到

10. command

(1)  n. 命令;指令      

 under one's command 在某人的指挥下       

 e.g: The army is under the king's command.     

 have a good command of 精通

 e.g: He has a good command of French.

 (2)  vt.  指挥;命令

command sb. to do sth.

 e.g: The policeman commanded the thief to stop.

 command that + sb. (should) + v.(原形)

 e.g: The teacher commanded that he (should) go out of the classroom.

11. request

 (1) n. 请求;要求            

 make a request for.. 请求...

 e.g: We should make a request for help.   

 e.g: My request is that you (should) help me.   

 (2)  vt.  要求,请求

 request sb. to do sth.

 e.g: May I request you to stop talking?

 request that + sb. (should) + v.(原形)

 e.g: I requested that he (should) come an hour earlier.

12. play a part in = play a role in

13. recognize ------ n. recognition

 recognize one’s voice/ sb 认出某人/ 某人的声音

 recognize sb as/ to be 承认…………

 recognize that…

二.课文里重点句式

1. Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English.

even if =even though “即使”, 用来引导一个让步状语从句, 后面既可以用陈述语气, 也可用虚拟语气, 但是even if / though 引导的从句不用将来时。如:

e.g: Even if it rains tomorrow, we will leave for Beijing.

if, as if, even if填空。

(1) _________ I had money, I wouldn’t buy it.

(2) ____ I had money, I would buy it.

(3) It looks _____ it is going to rain.

even if 引导让步状语从句;

if 引导条件状语从句;

as if/ though “似乎是…”引导方式状语从句

 

2. It was based on German than the English we speak at present.

more…than… ……而不是……;

与其说……不如说……; (中间接相同成分)

e.g: He is more a friend than a teacher.

e.g: He is more lazy than stupid.

扩展: more than 不仅仅; 多于; 十分

e.g. He is more than a teacher in our school.

e.g: He made more than ten friends in this club.

e.gShe is more than beautiful.

rather than 而不是; less than少于;other than  ……之外

 

3. Believe it or notthere is no such thing as standard English.信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语。

  there is no such...(as...) “没有(像……)这样的……”。

no such+单数名词 =not such a/an +单数名词 “没有这样的

(1)There is __________(not such a) man in our neighborhood.

我们小区没有这样的人。

(2)世上没有免费的午餐。

                                           a free lunch.

4. So people from the mountains in the southeastern USA speak with almost the same dialect as people in the northwestern USA.

所以来自美国东南部山区的人和来自美国西北部的人几乎说着同样的方言。

e.g: He is not the same man as he was. 他和过去不同了。

e.g:This is the same pen that I used yesterday.这就是我昨天用那支笔。

(1)the same...as...与……相同,和……一样,表示同类的事物。

(2)the same...that...表示同一个事物。

[即时跟踪]

(1)我喜欢使用和你们车间所使用的一样的机器。

I would like to use                      is used in your workshop.

(2)他戴着昨天戴的那顶帽子。

He wears                             he wore yesterday.

三.单元语法:直接引语与间接引语

1. 人称变化

  一随主,二随宾,第三人称不更新

1. He said, "I watched the football game yesterday."

  He said that ___ had watched the football game the day before.

2. She said to me, "You had better get there earlier."

  She told me that ___ had better get there earlier.

3. "She likes shopping on the Internet." said Tom.

  Tom said that ____ liked shopping on the Internet.

4. He said, "I am proud of my motherland."

  He said that ____ was proud of _____motherland.

5. "You are wasting your time!"he said to Mary.

  He said to Mary that ____ was wasting ____ time.

2. 时态变化

(1)如果直接引语是客观事实真理规律,变间接引用时态不变。

   The teacher told his students, "The earth goes around the sun."

   The teacher told his students that the earth goes around the sun.

(2)如果主语的谓语动词是现在时或者将来时,间接引语时态不变。

   She says, "I like popular songs."   

   She says that she likes popular songs.

(3)如果主语的谓语动词是一般过去时,间接引语时态变化如下。

直接引语

间接引语

一般现在时

一般过去时

现在进行时

过去进行时

现在完成时

过去完成时

一般过去时

过去完成时

过去完成时

过去完成时

一般将来时

一般将来时

 

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